What is Reciprocating Compressors?

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What is Reciprocating Compressors?
Air compressors of various designs are used widely throughout DOE facilities in numerous applications. Compressed air has numerous uses throughout a facility including the operation of equipment and portable tools. Three types of designs include reciprocating, rotary, and centrifugal air compressors.

Reciprocating Compressors
The reciprocating air compressor, illustrated in Figure below, is the most common design employed today.
The reciprocating compressor normally consists of the following elements.
a. The compressing element, consisting of air cylinders, heads and pistons, and air inlet and discharge valves.
b. A system of connecting rods, piston rods, crossheads, and a crankshaft and flywheel for transmitting the power developed by the driving unit to the air cylinder piston.
c. A self-contained lubricating system for bearings, gears, and cylinder walls, including a reservoir or sump for the lubricating oil, and a pump, or other means of delivering oil to the various parts. On some compressors a separate force-fed lubricator is installed to supply oil to the compressor cylinders.
reciprocating air compressor

d. A regulation or control system designed to maintain the pressure in the discharge line and air receiver (storage tank) within a predetermined range of pressure.
e. An unloading system, which operates in conjunction with the regulator, to reduce or eliminate the load put on the prime mover when starting the unit.