Where is Connecting Rod position?

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The connecting rod connects the piston to the crankshaft.  See Figure above for the location of the connecting rods in an engine.  The rods are made from drop-forged, heat-treated steel to provide the required strength.  Each end of the rod is bored, with the smaller top bore connecting to the piston pin (wrist pin) in the piston.  The large bore end of the rod is split in half and bolted to allow the rod to be attached to the crankshaft.  Some diesel engine connecting rods are drilled down the center to allow oil to travel up from the crankshaft and into the piston pin and piston for lubrication.

A variation found in V-type engines that affects the connecting rods is to position the cylinders in the left and right banks directly opposite each other instead of staggered (most common configuration).  This arrangement requires that the connecting rods of two opposing cylinders share the same main journal bearing on the crankshaft.  To allow this configuration, one of the connecting rods must be split or forked around the other.