Where are Cylinder Block, Crankcase and Oil Pan ?

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The cylinder block, as shown in Figure 4, is generally a single unit made from cast iron. In a liquid-cooled diesel, the block also provides the structure and rigid frame for the engine's cylinders, water coolant and oil passages, and support for the crankshaft and camshaft bearings.

The crankcase is usually located on the bottom of the cylinder block.  The crankcase is defined as the area around the crankshaft and crankshaft bearings.  This area encloses the rotating crankshaft and crankshaft counter weights and directs returning oil into the oil pan.  The oil pan is located at the bottom of the crankcase as shown in Figure above.  The oil pan collects and stores the engine's supply of lubricating oil.  Large diesel engines may have the oil pan divided into several separate pans.